The modern Indian state of Punjab is situated in the Northwest of India. Its name is derived from the greater Punjab, which stretches across India and Pakistan, and includes Haryana and Chandigarh in India, and West Punjab in Pakistan. The name is derived from 'Panj' (five) and 'Ab' (river) meaning 'five rivers'. Punjab is also sometimes spelled 'Panjab'. Punjab ... More>is considered to be one of the most fertile regions on Earth. Both east and west Punjab produce a relatively high proportion of India and Pakistan's food output. Punjab has a long history and rich cultural heritage. The main religions of the Punjab region are, in order of population, Islam, Sikhism and Hinduism.